Travel Guide Meaning In English – The “Travel Guide” will take you here. For persons providing guided tours, see tour guide. For the Australian TV series, see Travel Guides (TV series).
A guidebook or travel guide is “an information book about a place for visitors or tourists”.
Travel Guide Meaning In English
This usually includes information on attractions, accommodation, restaurants, transport and activities. Maps with various details and historical and cultural information are often included. There are different types of guidebooks that focus on different aspects of travel, from adventure travel to leisure travel, or target travelers of different incomes, or focus on sexual orientation or diet types.
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A Japanese tourist consulting a guide and a guidebook from Akizato Ritō Miyako’s meisho zue (1787)
The forerunner of the guidebook was the periplus, a landmark-to-landmark itinerary of coastal ports. A Periplus, such as the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea, was a manuscript document that listed in order the harbors and coastal landmarks, with the approximate distances between them, that a ship’s captain could find along the coast. This work was written in the middle of the 1st century AD.
Periegesis or “progress around” was a well-established literary trend in the Hellistic period. A lost work by Agaclytus describing Olympia (περὶ Ὀλυμπίας) is cited by Suda and Photius.
Dionysius Periegetes (literally: Dionysius the Traveller) is the author of a description of the habitable world in Greek hexameter verse, in a concise and elegant style, intended for the travelers of the klysmos, not the tourist on earth; he is said to have worked in Alexandria and flourished in the time of Hadrian. An early “extremely well-informed and interesting travel book” was Pausanias’ Hellados Periegesis (Description of Greece) in the 2nd century AD.
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This most famous work is a guide to the interesting places, architecture, sculpture and customs of Ancit Greece, and is still useful for the classicist today. With the rise of Christianity, the guidebook became a useful guide for European religious pilgrims. An early account tells of pilgrims from Eger who visited the Holy Land in the 4th century. visited and left a detailed itinerary.
In the medieval Arab world, Arab treasure hunters, magicians, and alchemists wrote guidebooks for travelers in search of artifacts and treasures. This was especially the case in Arab Egypt, where treasure hunters were eager to find valuable ancient Egyptian antiquities. Some books claimed to be imbued with magic capable of dispelling magical barriers believed to protect the artifacts.
Travel literature became popular during the Song Dynasty (960–1279) of medieval China. The gre was called “travel literature” (youji wxue) and was often written in narrative, prose, essay, and diary styles. Travel writers such as Fan Chgda (1126–1193) and Xu Xiake (1587–1641) incorporated a wealth of geographical and topographical information into their writing, while the famous poet and statesman Su’s “one-day trip essay Record of Stone Bell Mountain Shi (1037–1101) considered philosophical and moral reasoning to be his main goal.
In the West, the guide evolved from the published personal experiences of aristocrats who traveled through Europe on the Grand Tour. As the appreciation of art, architecture, and antiquity became increasingly essential components of noble education, they came to predominate in guidebooks, especially those dealing with Italian pinsula. Richard Lassels (1603–1668) wrote manuscript guides that were published posthumously in Paris and London (1670) as A Voyage to Italy.
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During the eighth century, Grand Tour travel books poured from the printing presses, such as Patrick Brydone’s Tour in Sicily and Malta, read by many who never left Gland.
Between 1626 and 1649, the Dutch publisher Officina Elzeviriana (House of Elzevir) published a best-selling paperback series, Respublicae Elzevirianae (Elzevirian Republics), which has been described as “the ancestor of the modern travel guide”.
Each volume provided information (geography, population, economy, history) about a European, African, Middle Eastern or Far Eastern country.
From the characteristic style of the Grand Tour travelogues to the more informative and impersonal guidebook, Mariana Starke was an important transitional figure. His 1824 travel guide to France and Italy was an essential companion for British travelers to the continent in the early 19th century. He recognized that as more and more Britons traveled abroad after 1815, most of his readers would now be farming in family groups and on a budget. So, for the first time, he gave a lot of advice about luggage, getting passports, the exact costs of food and lodging in each city, and possibly advice on caring for disabled family members. He also has a system!!! exclamation point rating, the forerunner of today’s star rating. His books, published by John Murray, served as models for later guides.
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The first travel books published in the United States were Gideon Minor Davison’s The Fashionable Tour, published in 1822, and Theodore Dwight’s The Northern Traveler and Hry Gilpin’s The Northern Tour, both published in 1825.
The modern travel guide originated in the 1830s with the growing market for long-distance tourism. The publisher John Murray began printing Murray’s Handbooks for Travelers in London in 1836.
The series covered tourist destinations in Europe, Asia and North Africa and introduced the concept of “sights”, which he rated according to their importance, using stars as exclamation points for Starke. According to scholar James Buzard, the Murray style “exemplified the exhaustive rational planning that was as much an ideal of the burgeoning tourism industry as of British commercial and industrial organization in general”.
In Germany, Karl Baedeker bought Franz Friedrich Röhling’s publishing house in Koblenz, which in 1828 published a travel guide for travelers entitled Rheinreise von Mainz bis Cöln by Professor Johannes August Klein; ein Handbuch für Schnellreisde (Rhine trip from Mainz to Cologne; Handbook for travelers on the road). He published this book with few changes for the next t years, which provided the seed for Baedeker’s new approach to travel guides. After Klein’s death, he decided to publish a new edition in 1839, adding many of his own ideas about what he thought a travel guide should offer the traveller. Baedeker’s ultimate goal was to free the traveler from looking anywhere but the travel guide for information; whether related to routes, transport, accommodation, restaurants, tips, attractions, walks or prices. Baedeker followed the style of John Murray’s travel books,
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In 1846, Baedeker introduced the star classification of places of interest, places of interest and accommodation, followed by Messrs. Stark and Murray. This number was also his first “experimental” red guide. He decided to call his travel books “handbooks”, following John Murray III. his example. Baedeker’s early guides had brown covers, but from 1856 Murray’s red bindings and gilt lettering also became a familiar feature of all Baedeker guides, noted for the clarity, detail and accuracy of their content.
Baedeker and Murray provided impersonal, objective guides; work before it combines factual information with personal stimulating reflection.
The availability of Baedeker’s and Murray’s books helped sharpen and formalize the supplementary gr of personal travelogue, freed from the burden of acting as a guidebook.
The Baedeker and Murray guidebooks were extremely popular and were standard sources for travelers well into the 20th century. As William Wetmore Story said in the 1860s, “Every Glishman abroad carries a Murray for information and a Byron for information, and through them he knows what he must know and feel at every step.”
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After Karl Baedeker’s death, his son, also named Karl, inherited the Baedeker guidebook business; however, he was killed in action in the First World War. British nationalism and anti-German agitation led some Britons to label the Baedeker guides as “an instrument of the German war effort”, and their popularity in the UK declined significantly.
As a result, the two editors of Baedeker’s English-language books left the company and acquired the rights to Murray’s Handbooks. The resulting guidebooks, called Blue Guides to distinguish them from the red-coated Baedeker, were one of the most important series of guidebooks for most of the 20th century and are still published today.
Shortly after World War II, two new names emerged that combined European and American perspectives on international travel. Euge Fodor, a Hungarian-born travel writer who immigrated to the United States before the war, wrote travel books that introduced continental Europe to the public. Arthur Frommer, an American soldier stationed in Europe during the Korean War, used his experiences traveling across the continent as the basis for Europe on $5 a Day (1957), which introduced readers to European budget travel options. The travel books of both authors served as the basis for extensive series, probably covering different parts of the world.
Since then, Let’s Go, Lonely Planet, Insight Guides, Rough Guides, Eyewitness Travel Guides and many other travel guide series have been published.
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Due to the special needs of climbing, mountain climbing, hill walking and scrambling, specialized mountain guides have a long history. THE